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Map Of Australia
The Soils of the Barossa Valley
Wednesday, 22nd December, 2010 - David Farmer

CLICK HERE to view full size map - 7mb

For a dozen or so years now I have spent many happy days digging holes, chipping rocks, and studying the landscapes of a large number of Australian and New Zealand vineyard regions. The object is to try and understand what role things like soils, rocks, and the shape of the landscape, play in the role of creating wine flavours. This is an area French winemakers are very keen on and goes under the general topic of 'terroir'. more...

History of the Barossa Valley and Its Landscapes
 - David Farmer

A Highlight Summary of the Barossa Landscape
1. Many of the worlds wine regions have developed on sediments that have a recent origin and were created by the melting of ice sheets that began about 18,000 years ago. Most are dated at less than 12,000 years old. Some of the vineyards of Argentine, Chile, New Zealand, and Oregon-Washington are examples. Many other European, New Zealand, and South American vineyards grow on landscapes that are younger than 300,000 years with the main vineyards of Bordeaux being on terraces about 1,000,000 years old. more...

The Landscape and Terroir of Eden Valley
Thursday, 29th September, 2011 - David Farmer

Quick Facts
The Eden Valley GI region adjoins the Barossa Valley to the east and is of a similar size.
This region is a hilly upland plateau divided in two by the valley of the North Para River which flows north.
This upland region is about 200 metres higher than the Barossa Valley and vineyards are planted at heights of 400 to 550 metres. more...

The Red Soils of Coonawarra - Part of a Unique Terroir
 - David Farmer

Many of Ausralia's finest red wines are made in Coonawarra and it is one of the country's few world class wine producing areas. Coonawarra, like most of the world's great vineyard areas, is a clearly defined, localised, geographic setting. This setting and the other influences that make up the terroir may explain the particular wine flavours that make Coonawarra wines so popular with consumers. All vineyard areas can make delicious and affordable wine, but very few have the terroir to make wines for which consumers will pay greatly increased prices. more...

The Landscape of Langhorne Creek and its Vineyards
 - David Farmer

The Location, Vineyards and a Brief History

The Langhorne Creek wine district borders Lake Alexandrina and vines now cover about 6000 hectares with most of this planted in the last dozen years. The Murray River flows into Lake Alexandrina on its way to the sea, and is a large body of shallow water that has ponded behind high coastal dunes that impede the flow of water into the Southern ocean. Except in times of drought when the ocean outlet of the Murray River may close there is an exchange of sea water from the ocean into the lake. more...

The Landscape and Vineyards of the Murray Basin
Wednesday, 29th July, 2015 - David Farmer

Few wine commentators wish to understand the significance of the Murray Basin taking the view that the basin is no more than a maker of industrial wines. The average wine buyer cannot afford the wines they like to write about and to make price sensitive wines you need regions like the Murray Basin. After all over 60% of the country's wine comes from the Murray Basin while supplying the 30% packaged as casks. more...

The Landscape and Vineyards of the Murray Basin - Appendix 1
Wednesday, 29th July, 2015 - David Farmer

To appreciate the wine story of the Murray Basin it helps to understand how the basin formed, or its geological evolution. Please note this long section has no bearing on wine flavours. Also it is a simplification and re-arrangement of the published information. Three issues are of special interest in considering how the Murray Basin evolved; more...

The Story of Canberra Viticulture and Wine
Tuesday, 21st June, 2016 - David Farmer

The Federation debate continued the rivalry between Sydney and Melbourne with the location of the new capital being of great importance. After reviewing many sites the Australia Capital Territory was selected in 1908 at a mid way point between the two cities and declared on 1st January, 1911. Canberra was named as the location in 1913 and Canberra Day is remembered on the 12th March. more...


Map Of New Zealand
Notes on Aspects of the Terroir of Some New Zealand Vineyard Regions
 - David Farmer

Most of the soils of New Zealand vineyards are derived from glacially produced sediments. The current ice age started about 2.5 million years ago. Of this period New Zealand glacial sediments cover the last 650,000 years.

The major cycles of this ice age, cold to warm to cold, have a length of about 105,000 years. As well there are numerous shorter span cycles, thus as the main cycle breaks from the cold spell there can be a number of colder and warmer periods as it heads down to the maximum part of the warm cycle. We are probably in the maximum part of the warm cycle now. more...

Aspects of the Terroir of Martinborough
 - David Farmer

The Regional Setting

Few areas have given as much heart to ‘new world’ vineyards owners working to establish new wine regions than the triumph that is Martinborough. The recognition that Martinborough had potential for viticulture was recognised by Derek Milne a soil scientist who had done a doctorate on the soil types of the region. This work was continued by Keith Vincent. more...

Some Aspects of the Terroir of Marlborough and the Related Awatere Valley
 - David Farmer

The Regional Setting

Marlborough is the most exciting new wine region developed in the last three decades anywhere in the world. Over 50% of New Zealand wine is now produced in Marlborough.

The landscape is similar to other New Zealand wine areas with a valley made up of a sequence of stranded river terraces which step down to the Wairau River. It is on these terraces which have two distinct ages; 14,000 years and younger, and 14,000 years to 24,000 years, that most of the vineyards are planted. These are called here the younger and older terraces. more...

Aspects of the Terroir and Vineyards of Central Otago, New Zealand
 - David Farmer

From tiny beginnings in the mid 1970’s by Rippon which planted a few rows in 1974, and William Hill which commenced plantings in 1973, vineyards in Otago have steadily grown with the major expansion coming after 1990. The district can now produce over 100,000 cases of wine each year of which about 80% is pinot noir. This figure is set to grow rapidly in the years ahead to well over 200,000 cases and in a big harvest over 300,000 cases. Currently there are some 1800 hectares planted. more...

Other Regions of Central Otago
 - David Farmer

There are other small vineyard areas that were not examined. One of interest is Lindis River near Tarras which is probably on a river terrace cover with the interest being that it is in the north east corner of the Cromwell Basin. If this area turns out to be favourable it would open up a very large new area for viticulture. more...

The Terroir and Wines of the Gibbston Valley and Wineries and Its Western Sub-districts
 - David Farmer

The Gibbston Valley is the closest of the Otago vineyards to the tourist town of Queenstown, a town which fringes the glacial derived Lake Wakatipu. This lake used to drain south west to the sea but recently, probably in the last 10,000 years, this route was blocked and the new lake overflow, the Kawarau River, drains to the east. more...

The Terroir and Wines of the Cromwell Basin and Bannockburn
 - David Farmer

The Cromwell Basin is the most important of the Central Otago regions measured by the area under vines and there are planted intermittently along the valley for 35 kilometres although the pioneering vineyards are clustered at the southern end near the town of Cromwell. The first vineyard was planted by Olssens along Felton Road in the southern sub-region of Bannockburn in 1989. more...


Map Of Argentina
Altitude, Argentina and the Riverland
Sunday, 11th September, 2011 - David Farmer

Should you be interested in creating a wine empire, The Daily Mail, 17th July, 2011, reports that the Estancia Punta del Agua; a one million acre estate, in San Juan province in western Argentine, is for sale. The estate lies about 150 kilometres NNE, of San Juan which has a wine history back to 1569. more...

Wine Notes from a Trip to Argentine
Tuesday, 26th October, 2004 - David Farmer

The Trip to Mendoza, the Wine Capital

Buenos Aires sits on the bank of a large river system that drains the Western Andes and the North Eastern Brazilian high plains. These rivers have created a fertile flat land that covers a huge area. The drive west from the capital to Mendoza the Argentinean wine town is an endless spectacle of corn fields, Soya bean crops, cows and horses. more...

Not Water Into Wine But Gold

Monday, 15th August, 2017

Wine Searcher - Seeing What You Gain But Not What You Lose.

Monday, 10th July, 2017

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